Tuesday, May 27, 2008
"Even in Africa, the continent most severely affected by a disease that kills more than a million people each year, Mozambique is considered a hot spot. In some parts of the country, 9 out of 10 kids younger than age 5 are infected with the mosquito-borne parasite that causes malaria. That's why Dr. Pedro Alonso, a Spaniard, in 1996 founded the Manhiça Health Research Centre. The terribly impoverished rural town is the last place you would expect to find a sophisticated medical laboratory. But here, working with a team of mostly Mozambican scientists and backed by the Spanish Agency for International Cooperation, Alonso has been studying malaria on the ground and, for the past four years, testing an extraordinarily promising vaccine against the disease. So far, it's only partly effective, but even in this imperfect form, experts say, it could save millions of lives. 'We're talking about the first solid demonstration of a malaria vaccine,' says Alonso. 'This is a breakthrough.'"
"The Olyset Story
ImageSumitomo Chemical pioneered a revolutionary technology to develop a net that effectively prevents mosquito biting, lasts for a long time and resists both washing and tearing. Olyset® incorporates the insecticide permethrin into the actual fibres of the net, and releases it slowly over a number of years."
Medical Research at Bagamoyo Hospital (BRTU)
IFAKARA Health Research and Development Center is a non-for profit, district based health research and resource Centre whose mission is to sustain a rural district based health research and resource center capable of generating new knowledge and relevant information, regarding priority problems in health systems at the district, national and international level through research, training and services aiming at better health and community development"
Monday, May 26, 2008
"Widespread distribution of mosquito nets and a new medicine have sharply reduced malaria deaths in several African countries, World Health Organization researchers reported.
The report Thursday was one of the most hopeful signs in the long battle against a disease that is estimated to kill a million children a year in poor tropical countries."
Malaria is one of the most severe public health problems worldwide. It is a leading cause of death and disease in many developing countries, where young children and pregnant women are the groups most affected.
* At the end of 2004, some 3.2 billion people lived in areas at risk of malaria transmission in 107 countries and territories.
* Between 350 and 500 million clinical episodes of malaria occur every year.
* At least one million deaths occur every year due to malaria.
* About 60% of the cases of malaria worldwide and more than 80% of the malaria deaths worldwide occur in Africa south of the Sahara.
Somi et al. report that, “Poorer households bear a greater economic burden from malaria relative to their consumption than better-off households.
malaria-costs-and-burden-in-tanzania.jpgA new study published in Tropical Medicine and International Health (TMIH) shows that the burden of malaria falls disproportionately on poorer households. Somi et al. report that, “Poorer households bear a greater economic burden from malaria relative to their consumption than better-off households."
Deforestation and climate change are returning the mosquito-borne disease to parts of Peru after 40 years
The afternoon is hot and sticky on the banks of the Napo river, an arm of the Amazon, but Claudio, a logger, is shivering in his creaky wooden bed.
'I feel bad, very bad, pain all over my body, fever, high fever, shudders,' he says. 'I have malaria; this is the 17th time so far. I don't know what to do any more.'"
The mosquito-borne illness has returned to the many villages only accessible by boat in the Peruvian Amazon, inflicting on the inhabitants days of fever, permanent anaemia and - in the worst cases - death.
In Peru, malaria was almost eradicated 40 years ago, but this year 64,000 cases have been registered in the country, half in the Amazon region. It is thought there are many more unregistered cases deep within the massive and humid rainforest, where health authorities find it almost impossible to gain access.
"Malaria is present. There have been 32,000 cases this year in this area alone - that says malaria is very much present," said Hugo Rodríguez, a doctor at the Andean Health Organisation, which is fighting malaria in border areas of Peru, Ecuador, Colombia and Venezuela.
"AMYRIS BIOTECHNOLOGIES has almost finished developing a cheap cure for malaria that could save the lives of millions of the poor. Now, using the same technology, this start-up in Emeryville, Calif., wants to create new biofuels that may help save the planet."
This program aims to reduce the number of people contracting malaria. The Company supplies its olyset mosquito nets, in which insecticides are embedded, to protect people from this disease."
3 Billion and Counting - The Malaria and DDT, Bedbugs and DDT, West Nile virus and DDT, and Insects and DDT Project
Films of Record Production : Malaria - Fever Road: "MALARIA: FEVER ROAD
(1 x 80 mins)
TX: 11.20pm Tuesday 11th January 2005, BBC2
Malaria is the deadliest disease in the world, killing millions every year.
Fever Road tells the story of Peter Kombo, Chief of Kiagware village in Kenya, as he battles through the malaria season.
Many of his villagers, particularly the young, are dangerously sick, and Chief Kombo struggles to get help for them from local authorities."
Journeyman Pictures : documentaries : The Malaria Parasites: "Africa - The Malaria Parasites - 52 min 00 sec [26 October 2006]
This is the untold story of how the global racket in fake drugs turned an easily curable disease into Africa’s biggest child killer.
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This is the untold story of how the global racket in fake drugs turned an easily curable disease into Africa’s biggest child killer. According to leading scientists, millions of children could have been saved if the pharmaceutical industry and World Health Organisation had collaborated to address the problem. Now, signs are emerging that malaria is developing resistance to the one effective drug which can still treat it. It’s a development which threatens patients all over the world. But - after decades of silence - has the WHO left it too late to act?"
So you think you are safe from Africa’s number one killer? Think again.
Today, malaria kills twice as many people as AIDS, with some four million deaths a year. Of the two billion people living in regions with malaria, thirty-five percent of them is infected with this disease…It’s enough to give you the shivers.
Wednesday, May 21, 2008
"Of the thousands of malaria-ridden mosquitoes that have bitten Stephen Hoffman over the years, he is most grateful to a batch of 3,000 that feasted on his arm in the mid-1990s. The swarming bloodsuckers had been subjected to radiation to weaken the malaria-causing parasitic Plasmodium falciparum sporozoites they carried. The result: he became immune to the disease that kills at least one million people yearly, most of them children, in sub-Saharan Africa and elsewhere."
David Schellenberg: "David Schellenberg BSc MB BS DTM&H MRCP PhD
Professor of Malaria & International Health
Keppel St, London WC1E 7HT, UK
Tel: +44 (0)207 927 2164
Fax: +44 (0)207 927 2918
London School of Hygiene & Tropical Medicine Affiliated to: DCVBU.
Research areas: Child health, Clinical trials, Malaria.
UWC - Pedro Alonso:
The United World Colleges (International)
17-21 Emerald Street,
WC1N 3QN, UK
(t) +44 20 7269 7800
(f) +44 20 7405 4374
"Pedro Alonso, (AC 75-77) is a doctor in Mozambique and founder of the Manhiça Health Research Centre. In 2003, this Research Centre was awarded a substantial sum of money by the Bill and Melinda Gates Foundation."
Research : View Staff Profile - Durham University: "Dr Gerry Killeen, BSc, PhD
Research Fellow in the School of Biological and Biomedical Sciences
Telephone: +44 (0) 191 33 41266
Contact (email at firstname.lastname@example.org)
Biography and Research Interests
Dr Gerry Killeen is an ecological epidemiologist focusing specifically on the transmission and control of malaria in Africa. He works on a variety of subjects ranging from fundamental studies of mosquito biology to large-scale malaria control initiatives."
Dillip,A: "Dillip A (Angel)"
Scientific Commons: Deborah Sumari: "Deborah Sumari"
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"New Health Center in Tanzania Dedicated, Ready for Equipment
Story by CJTF-HOA Public Affairs
Msata, Tanzania -- Senior officials from the Bagamoyo District, Tanzanian Peoples’ Defense Forces (TPDF), the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, and Combined Joint Task Force-Horn of Africa (CJTF-HOA) dedicated the newly constructed Msata Health Center here on September 12, 2006."
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"IFAKARA Health Research and Development Center is a non-for profit, district based health research and resource Centre whose mission is to sustain a rural district based health research and resource center capable of generating new knowledge and relevant information, regarding priority problems in health systems at the district, national and international level through research, training and services aiming at better health and community development"
It is the world's deadliest disease, killing more than 900,000 a year in Africa alone. But can Bill Gates's dollars create a vaccine that would save a continent's children?"
The PATH Malaria Vaccine Initiative (MVI) observes the first World Malaria Day with a sense of optimism. Malaria is finally receiving the attention it warrants. Programs devoted to expanding access to current interventions are beginning to have an impact."